Medical Terminology Pronunciation Rules

Since you are at the beginning of building your medical termbase, you remain literal if necessary. It should be noted that, as with all language rules, there are always exceptions and we call them rebels. Most medical terms adhere to a fixed structure of prefix, root, and suffix. These word components are assembled as building blocks to create a huge vocabulary. Sometimes a medical term may consist of a prefix and suffix. For example, apnea contains the prefix a- (without) and the suffix -pnea (breathing). Suffix: Added to the end of a word root to add meanings such as condition, disease process, or procedure. Examples of medical terminology suffixes include: Synopsis: A to Z List of brief definitions relating to basic medical conditions, disabilities and health conditions, including the English pronunciation of various medical conditions and medications. Medical terminology often uses words created with prefixes and suffixes in Latin and Ancient Greek. Greek prefixes go with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes.

Prefix: Added before the term to change the root of the word by providing additional information about the position of an organ, the number of parts or the time required. Medical terminology is a language used to accurately describe the human body and its associated components, conditions, processes, and procedures in a scientifically valid manner. A combined vowel is used when a root is followed by another part of a word that begins with a consonant. A combined vowel (usually the letter “o”) is added after the root (e.g. neur-o-logy) to support pronunciation. The root and vowel together (e.g. neur-o) are called the combined form. For simplicity, word part tables do not combine vowel options. Medical terminology is a language used to describe anatomical structures, procedures, conditions, processes, and treatments. At first glance, medical terms may seem intimidating, but once you understand the basic word structure and definitions of some common word elements, the meaning of thousands of medical terms can be easily analyzed.

Language rules are a good starting point for establishing a medical termological base. Many medical terms are made up of parts of words and can be translated literally. Literal translations seem cumbersome at first. Once you`ve built up a medical vocabulary and mastered it, the discomfort will disappear. For example, suffixes are no longer specified and accepted. The definition of intravenous is then in the vein. The combined form vowel is used to connect parts of words and facilitate pronunciation. The most common combined vowel is an “o”, but sometimes it is an “i” or an “e”. Although the suffix appears at the end of the term, it is often placed first in the definition. For example, appendicitis means inflammation (that is) of the appendix.4 As a result, it is sometimes helpful to read unknown medical terms from right to left. Placebo effect: The apparently beneficial outcome of a drug or other therapy that has no proven value or effect in the treatment of a medical condition.

The obvious benefits occur due to a person`s expectation that therapy will help. Some people respond to placebo or the dummy treatment simply because they are convinced that they have received the real treatment, and may even have an actual physical reaction to the placebo. This document contains an alphabetical glossary with definitions of medical terms, including the pronunciation of various diseases and health conditions. Image from page 208 of An illustrated encyclopedic medical dictionary. It is a dictionary of technical terms used by authors of medicine and minor sciences in Latin, English, French and German (1890). Diagnosis: The art or act of identifying a disease based on its signs and symptoms. The diagnosis of MS requires clinical evidence (a positive and objective result) during neurological examination of two or more CNS white matter lesions in a person aged 10 to 60 years that occurred at two distinct and different periods and for which there is no other medical explanation (“criteria to pose”). A medical dictionary is a dictionary of words used in medicine. In medical dictionaries, definitions should be as broad as possible: Parts of words that do not correspond to linguistic rules Adding an “s” or “it” to the end of a word is often the easy way to put a word plural in English and many modern Romance languages. In medical terminology, however, things are a bit more complicated.

The plural form of each word is based on the last two letters of the singular suffix. A medical word can contain several roots. This often happens when more than one part of the body or system is referenced. For example, cardiopulmonary means that it refers to the heart and lungs; Gastroenterology means the study of the stomach and intestines. Prefix: Added before the term to change the root of the word by providing additional information about the position of an organ, the number of parts or the time required. Examples of medical terminology prefixes include: By the end of this book, you will have identified hundreds of parts of words in medical terms. Let`s start with some common medical terms that many untrained people are familiar with. A root is the fundamental element of any medical term. The roots often indicate a body part or system. The Greeks are considered the founders of rational medicine, and medical terms come mainly from Greek and Latin.1 Over the centuries, the language of medicine has evolved into several national medical languages. Today, medical English is the dominant language for international communication. English is used in most influential medical journals and has become the language of choice at international conferences.2 Immunosuppression: Any form of treatment or medication that slows or inhibits the body`s usual immune responses.

Examples used to treat MS include cyclosporine, methotrexate and azathioprine. Impairment – Any loss or abnormality in psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function. It is a deviation from the person`s usual biomedical condition. A disability is therefore any loss of function directly attributable to an injury or illness. A prefix changes the meaning of the root word. It can display a location, type, quality, body category, or quantity. The prefix is optional and does not appear in all medical terms. Before we start analyzing the rules, let`s do a quick language check that will help with pronunciation and spelling. In class, you will practice pronunciation with your teacher.

Transferred pain: pain felt in another area at the original source of this pain. Granulocytes: (pronounced: gran-you-lo-syts) – A subset of leukocytes (polymorphonuclear leukocytes) that are part of the adaptive immune system and include neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils. Microembolism: Refers to all small embolisms that close (block) microcirculation. Prednisone: A steroid drug chemically and therapeutically related to steroid hormones normally produced in the adrenal glands. Prednisone and other steroids carry significant long-term risks. Analgesia: Loss of pain in which pain would normally occur without loss of consciousness. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1): A retrovirus currently under study that acts on human T cells and causes a disease called tropical spastic paraphesia.